Us space program impacted our society?

ИмеUs space program impacted our society?
Дата на преобразуване03.12.2012
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L.E.Q. Question

1. How has the
US space program impacted our society?

U.S. Space Program

  • History of the Space Program

    • Sputnik I – launched by ___________ ___________ on October 4, 1957

    • World’s first artificial satellite (about the size of a _______________)

    • Start of the Space age and the U.S.-U.S.S.R. space race.

    • First American ____________ – Explorer 1 (launched January 31, 1958)

    • Vanguard 1 – suppose to be first but not launched until _____________1958

    • N.A.S.A. – was formed in October 1958

  • U.S. Space Program – Mercury Missions

    • April 1959 – Mercury 7 ________________ selected for the first flights.

    • Scott Carpenter, Gordon Cooper, John Glenn, Gus Grissom, Wally Schirra, Alan Shepard, & Deke Slayton

    • January 1961 – Glenn, Grissom, & Shepard are selected to go up in the first _______________ missions.

    • January 1961 - Before man goes up, “Ham” the chimp makes a test flight in a Mercury space capsule. Successful!!

    • April 1961 – NASA selects Alan Shepard to be the ______________ American in space.

    • Initiated in 1958.

    • Goals were:

      • To orbit a manned spacecraft around __________________.

      • To investigate man’s ability to function in space.

      • To recover both man and spacecraft ___________________.

  • Before Alan Shepard’s flight – first human in space was ____________________ Yuri Gargarin (Vostok 1) on 4/12/61

  • First U.S. Manned Space Flight – Alan Shepard 5/5/61 (suborbital flight – lasted _____________ minutes)

  • 2nd Manned Flight – Gus Grissom – 7/21/61 (suborbital flight – lasted _________________ minutes)

  • 3rd Manned Flight – John Glenn – 2/20/62 (first orbital flight – 3 orbits – lasted about ___________ hours)

  • Three other successful missions – Slayton did not fly due to _____________ _____________ found 3 months before scheduled flight.

  • Gemini Space Missions

    • Was announced in 1962, and placed sets of ___________ astronauts in 12 flights.

    • Goals of the mission were:

      • To subject man and equipment to space flight up to _________ weeks.

      • To rendezvous and dock with orbiting vehicles.

      • To perfect methods of entering the atmosphere and landing at a pre-selected point on land. Landing method scratched in 1964. Landed in water.

  • Mission Facts:

      • Gus Grissom – flew on Gemini 3 and was first astronaut to fly in space ____________.

      • Ed White – flew on Gemini 4 and was the first American to ______________ in space.

      • First rendezvous in space – Gemini 6 & 7 – December 1965

  • Apollo Space Missions

    • The words of John F. Kennedy stated that by the end of the 1960’s, man would step foot on the __________.

    • Goals of the program were:

      • To establish the technology to meet other national interests in space.

      • To achieve preeminence in space for the ___________ ____________.

      • To carry out a program of scientific exploration of the ______________.

      • To develop man’s capability to work in the lunar environment.

  • Mission Facts:

      • Apollo 1 – crew died in a flash fire on 1/27/67 (Astronauts Gus Grissom, Ed White, & Roger Chaffee passed away.)

      • Apollo 8 – first humans to leave Earth’s ______________ and orbit the moon.

      • Apollo 10 – did a full rehearsal for the Apollo 11 landing. Flew within 50,000 feet of the surface.

      • Apollo 11 – first humans to land on ___________ surface. Landed 7/20/69

      • Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, & Michael Collins

      • Armstrong – first ________________ on moon. (“That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.”)

  • Skylab Space Missions

    • America’s first experimental space ______________.

    • Goals for the mission were:

      • Prove that humans could live and work in space for long periods.

      • Expand our knowledge of _____________ astronomy beyond Earth.

  • Space Shuttle Missions

    • Was conceived in early 1970’s to carry crews and supplies to an orbiting space station.

    • Sally Ride – first ______________ to go into space (Challenger – 1983)

    • Reusable craft that is made up of an orbiter, two solid rocket boosters, & an external liquid fuel tank. Only external liquid fuel tank is ___________________!!

    • Is made up of 20 million moving parts. If 99% of parts work, 200,000 parts have _____________.

    • Takes off like a rocket, but lands like an airplane.

    • Space Shuttle Orbiters

      • Enterprise – __________ orbiter (tester – not fly in space)

      • Columbia – 1st orbiter in space (4/12/81) Destroyed 2/1/03

      • Challenger – 2nd orbiter to fly (4/4/83) Destroyed 1/28/86

      • Discovery – ___________3rd orbiter to fly (8/30/84)

      • Atlantis – 4th orbiter to fly (10/3/85)

      • Endeavor – 5th orbiter to fly (______________ Challenger) (5/7/92)

  • Each shuttle was designed for __________________ missions.

  • Three remaining orbiters were retired February 2011.

  • Space Station/Future Missions

    • First mission to space station was 10/2000

    • Built to house both U.S. and foreign space travelers

    • After 2010, shuttles replaced by new ________________ Capsule.


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