Leoforos Lemesou 19, po box 24535, 1390 Nicosia, Cyprus Tel




ИмеLeoforos Lemesou 19, po box 24535, 1390 Nicosia, Cyprus Tel
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Дата на преобразуване10.11.2012
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източникhttp://www.petexpress-china.com/country_guides/Cyprus.doc
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Omni Country Guide for

Cyprus





TABLE OF CONTENTS


Section 1 Contact Addresses


2 Overview


3 General Information


4 Money


5 Duty Free


6 Public Holidays


7 Health


8 Accommodation


9 Sport & Activities


10 Social Profile


11 Business Profile


12 Climate


13 History and Government



1 Contact Addresses


Location: Europe, eastern Mediterranean.


Country dialling code: 357.


Cyprus Tourism Organisation

Leoforos Lemesou 19, PO Box 24535, 1390 Nicosia, Cyprus Tel: (2) 269 1100. Fax: (2) 233 4696E-mail: visitcyprus@cto.org.cyWebsite: www.visitcyprus.org.cy


High Commission of the Republic of Cyprus

93 Park Street, London W1K 7ET, UK Tel: (020) 7499 8272 or 7491 2955 or 7629 6288 (Cyprus Trade Centre) or 5350 (consular section). Fax: (020) 7491 0691. E-mail: cyphclondon@dial.pipex.com or presscounsellor@chclondon.com. Website: www.cyprus.gov.cy

Opening hours: Mon-Fri 0930-1700; 0930-1300 (consular section).


Honorary High Commission

Delta Travel, Unit Five, University Precinct, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9RN, UK Tel: (0161) 276 3013. Fax: (0161) 273 3855 or 274 3555. E-mail: sales@deltatravel.co.uk


Cyprus Tourism Organisation

17 Hanover Street, London W1S 1YP, UK Tel: (020) 7569 8800. Fax: (020) 7499 4935. E-mail: informationcto@btconnect.com Website: www.visitcyprus.org.cy


British High Commission

Alexander Pallis Street, PO Box 21978, 1587 Nicosia, Cyprus Tel: (2) 286 1100 or 1369 (visa enquiries). Fax: (2) 286 1125. E-mail: infobhc@cylink.com.cy Website: www.britain.org.cy


Embassy of the Republic of Cyprus

2211 R Street NW, Washington DC 20008, USA Tel: (202) 462 5772 or 232 8993 (press office). Fax: (202) 483 6710. E-mail: info@cyprusembassy.net Website: www.cyprusembassy.net


Consulate General of the Republic of Cyprus

13 East, 40th Street, New York, NY 10016, USA Tel: (212) 686 6016/7. Fax: (212) 686 3660.

E-mail: consulgenofcyprus@earthlink.net


Cyprus Tourism Organisation

13 East, 40th Street, New York, NY 10016, USA Tel: (212) 683 5280. Fax: (212) 683 5282. E-mail: gocyprus@aol.comWebsite: www.visitcyprus.org.cyAlso deals with enquiries from Canada.


Embassy of the United States of America

Street address: Metochiou and Ploutarchou Street, Engomi, 2407 Nicosia, Cyprus Postal address: PO Box 24536, 1385 Nicosia, Cyprus Tel: (2) 239 3939. Fax: (2) 278 0944. E-mail: info@americanembassy.org.cy or consularnicosia@state.gov Website: www.americanembassy.org.cy


Consulate General of the Republic of Cyprus

365 Bloor Street East, Suite 1010, PO Box 43, Toronto, Ontario M4W 3L4, Canada Tel: (416) 944 0998. Fax: (416) 944 9149. E-mail: consulcy@rogers.com


Note: The Canadian High Commission in Damascus deals with enquiries related to Cyprus (see Syrian Arab Republic section).



2 Overview


Country Overview:

Cyprus is an island in the eastern Mediterranean. The landscape varies between rugged coastlines, sandy beaches, rocky hills and forest-covered mountains. The Troodos Mountains in the centre of the island rise to almost 1950m (6400ft) and provide good skiing during the winter. Nicosia (Lefkosia), the capital of Cyprus, is situated at the heart of the Messaoria Plain. The old city has many quaint and ancient shops. Nicosia District extends westwards into the vine-covered Troodos Mountains, where magnificent forests and valleys feature hill resorts such as Kakopetria and Byzantine churches in Galata. Limassol (Lemesos) is the island’s main port and centre of the wine industry. In September the town has a wine festival, during which wine and food are served free. Cyprus is becoming established as a winter destination with both Platres and Kakopetria conveniently placed for the skiing season on Mount Olympus. Local dishes include kebabs (lamb or other meat skewered and roasted over a charcoal fire) and dolmas (vine leaves stuffed with minced meat and rice).



3 General Information


Area: 9251 sq km (3572 sq miles, including Turkish-occupied territory).


Population: 793,100 (2001, including Turkish-occupied region).


Population Density: 119.3 per sq km


Capital: Nicosia (Lefkosia). Population: 205,633 (2001, excluding Turkish-occupied portion).


GEOGRAPHY: Cyprus is an island in the eastern Mediterranean. The landscape varies between rugged coastlines, sandy beaches, rocky hills and forest-covered mountains. The Troodos Mountains in the centre of the island rise to almost 1952m (6400ft) and provide good skiing during the winter. Between these and the range of hills which run eastward along the north coast and the ‘panhandle’ is the fertile Messaoria Plain. The Morphou Basin runs around the coast of Morphou Bay in the west.


Government: Republic since 1960. Head of State and Government: President Tassos Papadopoulos since 2003.


Language: The majority (approximately 80 per cent) speak Greek and approximately 20 per cent speak Turkish. The Greek Cypriot dialect is different from mainland Greek. Turkish is spoken by Turkish Cypriots. English, German and French are also spoken in tourist centres.


Religion: Greek Orthodox, with Muslim minority.


Time: GMT + 2 (GMT + 3 from last Sunday in March to Saturday before last Sunday in October).


Electricity: 240 volts AC, 50Hz. Square 13-amp three-pin plugs (UK-type) are used.


Communications:  


Telephone


Full IDD is available. Country code: 357. Outgoing international code: 00. Telecard (C£3, 5 or 10 denominations) or coin-operated public telephones are installed at various central locations in towns and villages. Call Direct (cheaper than ordinary collect calls) is available to most EU countries, as well as Australia, USA and Canada.


Mobile telephone


GSM 900/1800/3G network. Main operators include CYTA (website: www.cytamobile-vodafone.com) and Scancom (www.scancomcyprus.com).


Fax


This is available at district post offices in Nicosia, Larnaca, Limassol and Pafos.


Internet


ISPs include Avacomnet (website: www.avacom.net), Cytanet (website: www.cytanet.com.cy), Logosnet (website: www.logosnet.com.cy) and Spidernet (website: www.spidernet.net). Public access is available in Internet cafes located in the cities, for instance Nicosia, Larnaca, Limassol, Pafos and Ayia Napa.


Telegram


There are telegraph links to the international network through major hotels and the Central Telegraph Office, Egypt Avenue, Nicosia. A 24-hour service is provided with three charge rates.


Post


There are daily airmail services to all developed countries. Service to Europe takes three to four days. Poste Restante facilities are available in main cities and resorts. District Post office opening hours: Mon-Fri 0730-1330 and 1500-1800 except Wednesday, Saturday 0830-1030 during the winter period (1 Sep to 30 Jun); Mon-Fri 0730-1330 and 1600-1900 except Wednesday, Sat 0830-1030 during the summer period (1 Jul to 31 Aug). Other post office opening hours: Mon-Fri 0730-1330, Thurs 1500-1800 at other times.


Press


Newspapers published in English are the The Blue Beret, Cyprus Financial Mirror, Cyprus Mail (daily), Cyprus Today (Turkish Cypriot) and Cyprus Weekly. Most others are in Greek and most English papers are available.


Radio: BBC World Service (website: www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice) and Voice of America (website: www.voa.gov) can be received. From time to time the frequencies change and the most up-to-date can be found online.


Note: In addition, the CTO sponsors programmes for tourists Mon-Sat on 603kHz (498m) and FM94.8. The times are as follows: German 0800; English 0830; French 0900; Swedish 0930; Arabic 1000.


Passport/Visa






Passport Required?

Visa Required?

Return Ticket Required?

British

Yes

No

Yes

Australian

Yes

No

Yes

Canadian

Yes

No

Yes

USA

Yes

No

Yes

OtherEU

1

No

Yes

Japanese

Yes

No

Yes



Resricted Entry: (a) Holders of Former Yugoslav Republic passports bearing the stamp 'Macedonia'. (b) Holders of passports issued by the 'Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus'.


PASSPORTS: Passport valid for at least three months beyond the period of intended stay required by all except: (a) 1. nationals of EU countries, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland who hold a valid national identity card with the bearer’s photograph;

(b) holders of Laissez-passer issued by the United Nations (nationals of Egypt and Israel can enter Cyprus with a Laissez-passer provided they hold an entry permit previously obtained by the Immigration Department in Nicosia);

(c) holders of travel documents issued by the Government of the Republic of Cyprus to Cypriot nationals;

(d) holders of documents issued to stateless persons and recognised refugees.


VISAS: Required by all except the following for stays of up to 90 days: (a) nationals of countries referred to in the chart above; (b) nationals of Andorra, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Hong Kong (SAR), Iceland, Israel, Korea (Rep), Liechtenstein, Macau (SAR), Malaysia, Mexico, Monaco, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Romania, San Marino, Singapore, Switzerland, Uruguay, Vatican City and Venezuela;(c) transit passengers continuing their onward journey by the same or first connecting aircraft within 24 hours, provided holding valid onward or return documentation and not leaving the airport, except nationals of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Congo (Dem Rep), Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Iran Iraq, Nigeria, Pakistan, Somalia, Sri Lanka and Turkey, who require an Airport Transit visa.


Types of visa and cost: Tourist/Business: C£6 (free of charge to nationals of Egypt, Russian Federation, Syrian Arab Republic and Ukraine, provided holding onward or return tickets and sufficient funds to cover the duration of their stay). Multiple-entry visas are only issued to those who require it for business purposes and cost C£20. Transit: C£6. Airport Transit: C£6.


Validity: Tourist/Business: Three months. Transit: Five days.


Application to: In person to the Consulate (or Consular section at Embassy or High Commission); see Contact Addresses section.


Application requirements: (a) Passport valid at least six months after returning from Cyprus. (b) One completed application form. (c) One passport-size photo. (d) Proof of sufficient funds to cover duration of stay. (e) Onward or return ticket and evidence of hotel reservation or letter of invitation from resident of Cyprus. (f) Fee (payable by cash or postal order only, subject to rate of exchange). Business: (a)-(f) and, (g) Introductory letter from the applicant’s company, giving details of salary. (h) Official letter of invitation from a company in Cyprus.


Working days required: In most cases personal applications will be processed on the same day or within 24 hours after an interview, but it may take up to a minimum of 10 days if application needs to be referred to Cyprus (depending on nationality, eg Iraq and Turkey).


Temporary residence: Nationals of any country coming to Cyprus for employment or studies must secure an employment or student’s permit through the Migration Officer, Nicosia prior to arrival. Applications should be submitted by the prospective employers or the directors of the schools.



4 Money


Currency: Cyprus Pound (C£) = 100 cents. Notes are in denominations of C£20, 10, 5 and 1. Coins are in denominations of 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 cents.


Currency exchange: Visitors wishing to obtain non-Cypriot currency at Cypriot banks for business purposes are advised that this is only possible by prior arrangement. ATMs operate 24 hours in main towns and tourist areas.


Credit & debit cards: All major credit cards are accepted at most places. Check with your credit or debit card company for details of merchant acceptability and other services which may be available.


Travellers cheques: May be cashed in all banks. To avoid additional exchange rate charges, travellers are advised to take travellers cheques in Pounds Sterling or Cyprus Pounds.

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